D.R. Congo, Equateur Province: Ebola Outbreak

06 May 2022

According to the WHO, a 31-year-old man from Mbandaka who had been vaccinated against Ebola was confirmed to be infected with Ebola; the man died on 21.4.2022. The source of infection is not known. The virus of this outbreak appears to be different from that of previous outbreaks in this province (2018 and 2020). A second Ebola case, a close patient contact, was confirmed on 25.4.2022.
Ebola is a viral, haemorrhagic, very severe or fatal disease. It is transmitted through direct contact with body fluids and excretions of an infected person (blood, saliva, vomit, stool, sweat, semen, urine, etc.) or with infected animals (especially monkeys, antelopes, rodents, bats). The symptoms are sudden high fever, muscle pain, fatigue, sore throat or headache, followed by diarrhoea, vomiting and internal and external bleeding. Early hospitalisation with supportive care (hydration, maintenance of normal blood pressure) can improve the prognosis.