More than 1.1 million cases of typhoid fever have been reported from the beginning of the year (2021) until the end of September, including 19,734 confirmed cases and 411 deaths. This is a significant increase compared to 2020 (total 715,920 suspected cases, 178 deaths). These figures should be interpreted with caution because bacterial cultures are not usually possible and the test used in most cases (Widal test) is not very sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of typhoid fever.
Consequences for travelers
Maintain optimal food and drinking water hygiene. Vaccination against typhoid fever is recommended especially for people visiting friends and relatives (VFRs) and for people traveling with poor hygienic conditions.